Schedules and Assignments
The following is the day-by-day schedule of the program. Trouble viewing the schedule below click here for a PDF or here for a Word Document.



Week One (1) – This week will include sessions addressing archeology terminology and methodology; the Irish from 19th century Ireland; and nativism in the United States. Participants will examine the role of the Irish immigrant in building the railroad and their place in United States industrialization. Field trips to the Duffy Cut’s dig site as well as the Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania will provide participants with a solid grounding in the use of primary sources in the investigation of historical concepts.

Week Two (2) - Participants will explore the forensic and physical evidence of Duffy’s Cut including a field trip to the University of Pennsylvania’s Museum of Archeology and Anthropology to examine skeletal remains alongside physical anthropologists. The topics of forensic analysis, the identification of remains, and the geology of Duffy’s Cut will be presented. Participants will visit sites important to Duffy’s Cut, including Lazaretto Hospital, Saint Augustine’s Church, Saint Anne’s Church, and West Laurel Hill Cemetery. The anti-Irish riots will be explored along with the book, The Nativist Movement. Participants will also be introduced to the social history of disease through an examination of the role that cholera played at Duffy’s Cut and its impact on the Delaware Valley Region. In addition, participants will explore genealogy as a historical research method and will review primary documents in researching Duffy’s Cut. Time will be allotted this week for participants to begin their research/classroom implementation projects.

Week Three (3) - Participants will examine the various contemporary artistic, literary, and musical interpretations that have emerged from the events of Duffy’s Cut. Participants will also visit Downingtown and Spring City Cemeteries to explore comparable sites to Duffy’s Cut. Participants will spend time this week finishing their projects. A final discussion session will assist students in developing a coherent understanding, analysis, and articulation of the historical concepts and multidisciplinary information they have been introduced to during the Institute. The last day of the Institute will include the presentation of participant projects and a farewell reception.


NEHImmaculata UniversityDuffy's CutPenn Museum

Any views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this program do not necessarily represent those of the National Endowment for the Humanities

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